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中學物理探究性實驗設計.rar

資料分類:教育理論 上傳會員:乖乖90后 更新時間:2014-06-30
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摘  要:物理學是一門以實驗為基礎的學科,對物理教學來說其重要方面之一是實驗教學與理論教學相結合,因為通過實驗可以更有效地讓學生體驗科學發展和知識形成的思想和方法?!缎碌恼n程標準》總體要求,就是要確立在學習中以“學生為主體”的地位,關注學生已有經驗、興趣愛好和特長。實現知識與技能、過程與方法、情感態度價值觀為一體的教學目標。通過實驗教學可以促進學生對物理概念和規律的理解,并且可以使學生學到如何去獲取知識,因此在物理教學中實驗處于非常重要的地位。探究性實驗教學是在教師的指導下,由學生通過主動探索、主動思考、親身體驗而獲得結論的一種教學方式。這種教學方式實質上是將科學領域的探究引入課堂,使學生通過類似科學家的探究過程來理解科學概念和規律。通過聯系實際問題,培養學生的實踐能力、創新精神、可持續發展和適應將來社會的生存能力。

關鍵詞:物理   實驗   探究

 

Abstract:Physics is a lab-based discipline. One of the important aspects of physical education is the combination of experimental teaching and teaching theory, because through the experiment, students can experience the ideas and methods of scientific development and the formation of knowledge more effectively. The general requirement of The New Curriculum Standard is to establish the dominant position of students, pay close attention to the experience students have had, interests and expertise, and eventually achieve the teaching objective of integrating knowledge and skills, processes and methods, and emotional attitude and values. Experimental teaching can promote students’ understanding of physical concepts and laws, and can enable students to master how to acquire knowledge, so in physics teaching experiment occupies a very important position. Exploring experimental teaching is a teaching method, in which students, under the guidance of teachers, obtain a conclusion through active exploration, active thinking and experience. Essentially, this teaching method brings scientific inquiry to the course, making students understand scientific concepts and laws through a similar process of scientists. By staying in contact with the practical problems, we should improve students’ ability of practice, innovation, sustainable development and viability of adapting to the future community.

Key words: Physics   experiment   explore

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上傳會員 乖乖90后 對本文的描述:教學設計是根據教學對象和教學目標,確定合適的教學起點與終點,將教學諸要素有序、優化地安排,形成教學方案的過程。它是一門運用系統方法科學解決教學問題的學問,它以教學......
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